Posted by: omcivics | May 15, 2008

Persamaan Kedudukan Warga Negara

Standar Kompetensi:

Menghargai persamaan kedudukan warga negara dalam berbagai aspek kehidupan (click here)(file ini hanya dapat dibuka dan diedit menggunakan articulate quizmaker)

Kompetensi Dasar:

  1. Mendeskripsikan kedudukan warga negara dan pewarganegaraan di Indonesia
  2. Menganalisis persamaan kedudukan warga negara dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat,berbangsa dan negara
  3. Menghargai persamaan kedudukan warga negara tanpa membedakan ras, agama, gender, golongan, budaya, dan suku

Basic Competency:

  1. Describe the position of citizens and naturalization in Indonesia
  2. Analyzing the equality of citizens in the life of society, nation and state
  3. Appreciate the equality of citizens regardless of race, religion, gender, class, culture, and tribal


  1. Citizen is a person who has official status as a full member of a country
  2. Austin Ranney foreigners who are temporary or permanent residence in a particular country, but not as citizens domiciled
  3. Citizens receive the protection from the state
  4. Citizen has the right to participate political process
  5. Citizens have a legal relationship that is not interrupted by his country, although the relevant domiciled abroad, provided he does not decide his nationality
  6. The principle of citizenship
    1. Birth
      1. principle place of birth (ius soli)
      2. principles of blood relationship / descent (ius sanguinis)
    2. Marriage
      1. principle of unity of law (husbands, wives and children subject to only one law only)
      2. the principle of equality (one of the parties are legally subject to the other, although they have been married)
  7. Naturalization occurs when one does not include the principle of ius soli and ius sanguinis
  8. Two way of naturalization are active and passive.
  9. Active if they have option to remain nationality or not (hak opsi)
  10. Passive if they deny of nationality (hak repudiasi)
  11. Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 Bab X pasal 26
    1. Yang menjadi warga negara ialah orang-orang bangsa Indonesia asli dan orang-orang bangsa lain yang disahkan dengan undang-undang sebagai warga negara.
    2. Penduduk ialah warga negara Indonesia dan orang asing yang bertempat tinggal di Indonesia. **)
    3. Hal-hal mengenai warga negara dan penduduk diatur dengan undang-undang. **)
  12. Pasal 28D ayat 4
    • (4)  Setiap orang berhak atas status kewarganegaraan. **)
  13. How to get citizenship:
    1. Birth
    2. Adoption
    3. Naturalization
    4. Marriage
    5. Giving citizenship
    6. Joined with father or mother
  14. How to loss citizenship:
    1. On desire their self
    2. Not reject or release other citizenship
    3. Declared lost of citizenship by the President on his own desire
    4. Entered in a foreign army without the permission of the President
    5. Voluntarily entered the foreign service
    6. Voluntarily took an oath and pledge allegiance to a foreign country
    7. Not compulsory but participate in the constitutional election of a foreign country
    8. Have a passport or a letter that is a passport from a foreign country
    9. Residence during 5 years without declaring himself a citizen of Indonesia and not the duty of the state
  15. Indonesian citizen woman who marries a foreign man and his nationality followed her husband, a result of marriage
  16. Indonesian citizen man who marries a foreign woman and her nationality followed his wife, a result of marriage
  17. The language of political science, equality of citizens called political equality, a condition in which every member of society has equal opportunity to participate in the process of formulating the country’s political decision.
  18. Harold J. Laski: the principle of equality of citizens has two dimensions, are:
    1. No special privileges and
    2. The same opportunity is given to every person
  19. Frans Magnis-Suseno idea of the principle of equality of citizens emerged in response to forms of feudal society in the history of 16th-century European state
  20. Robert A Dahl:
    1. Intrinsic perspective: to all human beings are created equal
    2. Every adult who is subject to the laws of a country should be considered qualified enough to be involved in the process of democratic governance
  21. UUD 1945 Pasal 27 Ayat 1
    “Segala warga negara bersamaan kedudukannya di dalam hukum dan pemerintahan dan wajib menjunjung hukum dan pemerintahan itu dengan tidak ada kecualinya.”
  22. UUD 1945 Pasal 28 I ayat 2
    “Setiap orang berhak bebas dari perlakuan yang bersifat diskriminatif atas dasar apa pun dan berhak mendapatkan  perlindungan  terhadap  perlakuan yang bersifat diskriminatif itu.”
  23. Same position before the law means that by law all citizens were equal
  24. Same position in the government means that in the affairs of government of all citizens were equal and therefore have same of rights and obligations
  25. In the economic sector, there are no special or discrimination against citizens in various economic activities.
  26. In the religious and socio-cultural sectors, there is no special or discrimination against citizens as individuals and groups.

Source: Bambang Suteng, Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan untuk kelas X, Erlangga



  1. Very educative

  2. complete yet, better explain more detail!

  3. complete , very detail ,,

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